Clean Energy Trends

In his 2011 report on the global trends of clean energy, Michael Liebreich, the Chief Executive of Bloomberg New Energy Finance paints an optomistic picture for the future.  In his analysis, Liebreich considers clean energy as renewables, energy efficiency, power storage, smart grid, and carbon capture and storage but not nuclear.  Worldwide investment in clean energy had been steadily increasing over the last ten years and took a dramatic drop during the economic crisis in 2007 and 2008.  Investment has since picked back over the last three years and has continued to grow.  Clean energy investment is currently 20% of all investment in the energy space with over 240 billion being invested worldwide in 2010.  Some 60 billion of that is from what Liebreich calls “Clean Stimulus” from governments with the other 180 billion coming from private investors. 

Liebreich expects that the increases in investment will continue at even greater rates as renewables approach cost competitiveness and argues that solar is already competitive when it is not attached to the grid and takes on transmission loses.  This is evident by Germany’s recent investment of 10GW of PV rooftop units for buildings.  Germany has a peak demand of under 80GW and, as can been seen in the figure below, has a photovoltaic resource comparable to that of Seattle which is among the worst places in the United States for solar radiation but continues to invest heavily in solar power.

http://energyemp.com/?p=3130

Liebriech explains that the three largest players in the clean energy movement, China, Europe, and the United States each have a different strategy moving forward.  China is using its cheap cost of capital and domestic demand to dominate the market for production of the current generation of technology and can do so at a similar quality with much lower costs.  The United States is investing heavily in new technology and new projects (currently largely aided by the funds from the Reconstruction and Investment Act), while Europe is using feed in tariffs to generate its demand for clean energy.  This leaves European clean energy manufacturers in a tough spot if the U.S. starts to license its technology to be manufactured in Asia and sold in Europe where the demand is high. 

The report concludes that with costs for clean energy coming down and tragedies in the oil and nuclear industry which will lead to higher regulations and higher costs, coupled with instability raging in the Middle East, clean energy will be a major player in the future.  Private equity and venture capital dollars will continue to pour in as the outlook for clean energy becomes more stable.

Source: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ghymz2e8ykw

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1 Comment

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One response to “Clean Energy Trends

  1. nekarcu

    The blogger mentions that the US is “investing heavily in new technology and new projects”. Briefly, I want to make an analogy that will hopefully put in perspective what I think the true potential of the US is in regards to solar energy as an aid towards future energy consumption.

    Germany has an area of about 357,021 km sq. (137,847 mi sq.) [1], which is just a bit smaller than the state of Montana (381,154 km sq. or 147,042 mi sq.). [2] However, according to the plot of annual average solar resources provided in this blog, Germany and Montana receive around 1,100 kWh/m sq./year and 1,700 kWh/m sq./year, respectively. This difference of 600 kWh/m sq./year accounts for 54.5 % more solar energy received annually by the state of Montana. This is a huge difference considering that more than half the states in the US receive as much solar energy every year as Montana does.

    Even though Germany is not gifted in terms of solar power, its production was raised by 60 % in 2011 compared to 2010, making a total of 18 billion kWh or 3 % total power output volumes. [3] Imagine, how much solar power could the state of Montana produce by equating the German’s efforts? Conversely, how much solar power could Germany produce with the amount of annual average solar resources Montana has? What about states like California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas where the annual average solar resources reach points of 2,400-2,500 kWh/m sq./year? That is, 118 to 127 % more solar energy per year than Germany !!

    I bet many Americans think the US is doing a great job at searching for new technologies and new projects; however, I think the US could be doing a much better job given all the free resources it has. It is a matter of focus. Focus on saving the environment vs. spending on weapons and unnecessary wars. Focus on exploiting all the already available alternative sources of energy vs. supporting oil companies that do not care about the world and future generations. Let’s take a look at some numbers. In 1997, the US had 40 % of the world’s solar equipment production. [4] However, by 2007, 10 years after, this number dropped to 8 %. [4] Even though these percentages may have changed favorably for the US in the last couple of years, lost time is something neither the US nor the world can afford. Where would the US be today if politicians had kept increasing the efforts done by 1997 towards solar energy production?

    References
    1. http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Europe/Germany-LOCATION-SIZE-AND-EXTENT.html
    2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montana
    3. http://af.reuters.com/article/commoditiesNews/idAFL6E7NT1WK20111229?sp=true
    4. http://solarpowerrocks.com/solar-legistlation/turning-back-the-clock-on-energy-policy-remember-jimmy-carter/

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