Abu Dhabi is the capital, and also considered as the second largest city in the United Arab Emirates. This city with an area of 67,340 square kilometer and a population of 860,000 (2008) is a T-shaped island spreading from the central western coast into the Persian Gulf. Abu Dhabi was stated as the richest city in the world in 2007 by Fortune, a very famous global business magazine.
(this picture is taken from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abu_Dhabi)
As a part of United Arab Emirates, it is not a surprise that Abu Dhabi is one of the largest oil producers of the world. But the irony is that a carbon-free city is about to be built within this area in the next 5 to 10 years. The name “carbon-free city” means that this city will not be constructed by using any polluting technologies and fossil fuels .
The entire city is run by renewable energy such as solar and wind power, according to the designers, and cars will not be allowed in the city, meaning that you can only walk or take the underground transport system to travel throughout the city. At this point, someone may question that how the inhabitants could stand the scorching heat since the city is built close the desert? Recognising this problem, the city’s designers decided to capture the heat from the sun to generate power for the city by using new solar technologies, including centralization devices.
The idea of building this kind of city deserves the appreciation from everybody, considering the fact that it is built in oil producing nation and the effort of reducing the CO2 emission. However, the cost is estimated to be from $15 to $30 billion dollars and not any nation in the world can afford this cost.
Below is the video from Youtube with a general vision about this city.